Comprehensive Guide to Psilocybin Extraction: Methods & Techniques


A straightforward water-based extraction process for isolating and pinpointing psilocin from Psilocybe Cubensis mushrooms is detailed. This approach involves converting the phosphate ester into psilocin, enhancing the final product's yield and making identification more straightforward. The psilocin extracted through this method is of sufficient purity for identification techniques such as infrared spectroscopy and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. The article also touches on an alcohol-based extraction method for psilocybin, outlining a simplified process.

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Psilocybin and Psilocin Background

Tryptamines are among four groups of hallucinogenic indoles spread across over 20 indole classes, consisting of around 600 alkaloids. Since their discovery by Hofmann and his team, psilocin and psilocybin have undergone extensive research. Extraction techniques have been deployed on over 24 species of mushrooms from four genera. Some techniques using methanol also extract other compounds. Currently, there isn't a widely recognized water-based extraction method for psilocin and psilocybin.

The in vivo transformation of psilocybin to psilocin is well-understood and is believed to contribute to its effects on the central nervous system. This conversion is also crucial for water-based extraction processes due to psilocybin's low solubility in lipids.

Several factors influence the concentration and detectability of these substances. Some of these include:

  • Glucose absence, impacting psilocybin production.
  • Limited amounts of ammonium succinate, yielding less psilocybin.
  • Growth mediums that have a pH below 7.
  • Optimal harvest timings and conditions.
  • Oxidation processes that change psilocin properties.

Given the rising interest in these mushrooms and available kits for cultivation, a practical water-based extraction process for mature mushrooms has been devised.

Equipment and Materials

Some of the tools and ingredients needed are:

  • Mortar and pestle.
  • Beaker (250 mL).
  • Water bath setup.
  • Thermometer.
  • Filtration devices like funnels and coffee filters.
  • Various reagents, including dried mushrooms, acetic acid in multiple forms, ammonium hydroxide, distilled water, diethyl ether, and sodium sulfate anhydrous.


A detailed step-by-step extraction process is provided, starting from grinding the dried mushrooms and progressing through acid treatments, heating, filtration, pH adjustments, ether extraction, and eventually yielding crude psilocin. This crude product can then be further refined.

Results and Analysis

The introduced method streamlines the isolation of psilocin from hallucinogenic mushrooms, effectively extracting both psilocin and psilocybin. The properties and benefits of using diluted acetic acid as a solvent are discussed, as well as the precautions needed during the extraction process.

Psilocybin Extraction with Alcohol

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A separate process for extracting psilocybin using alcohol is described, detailing the necessary equipment, ingredients, and a step-by-step method. This method involves grinding, infusing in alcohol, heating, filtering, and then mixing with a gelatin solution to produce "jello shots." Dosage recommendations and expected effects are also shared.

Please note that the production, possession, sale, and consumption of psilocybin and psilocin may be illegal in many jurisdictions. Always ensure you're compliant with local laws and regulations when handling or discussing these substances.

  1. G.Patton

    Psilocybin and psilocin extraction from mushrooms

    Introduction A simple aqueous extraction method for the isolation and identification of psilocin from Psilocybe Cubensis mushrooms is reported. This method employs a dephosphorylation of the phosphate ester to psilocin, which facilitates a greater product yield and simplifies identification...
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